As the medical fields continue to promote the benefits of exercise and healthy eating habits, both the young and old are becoming more active. Because of this, overuse and injuries to the bones, joints and muscles occurs, especially in baby boomers. Some of the most common conditions that require eventual treatment are those caused by degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis, and arthritis and these problems are studied by the medical specialty field of Orthopedics or Orthopaedics.

Orthopedics has become one of the most sought after medical field by people who want a better quality of life..

What is Orthopedics or Orthopaedics? It is the study of the musculoskeletal system which involves the bones, joints, ligaments and tendons, muscles and nerves. Orthopedic doctors (also known as Orthopedists or Orthopeds) specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal system problems under the associated medical fields of Orthopedics or Orthopaedics.

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The training for orthopedists is intense with undergraduate, medical school, residency, subspecialty work and often research. During their careers, orthopedists often work in an even more specialized practice or in a more defined area within the field of Orthopedics or Orthopaedics, such as the following areas:

Hand surgery

Shoulder and elbow surgery

Total joint reconstruction (arthroplasty)

Pediatric orthopedics

Foot and ankle surgery

Spine surgery

Musculoskeletal oncology

Surgical sports medicine

Orthopedic trauma

Chronic back pain

What is an Orthopedists?

Orthopedists often have a choice with the way in which they treat conditions. They can either opt for surgical or non-surgical remedies with there patients. Orthopedists who specialize in non-surgical musculoskeletal remedies include physiotherapists, chiropractors, occupational therapists, podiatrists and kinesiologists.

Those orthopedists who use medicine or surgery to remedy musculoskeletal conditions include Orthopedic surgeons. Orthopedics, orthopaedic surgery and orthopaedics are effectively describing the same branch of orthopedics, depending upon the part of the world in which the orthopedist trains and lives. They use medicine and surgery to remedy conditions regarding the musculoskeletal system such as the following:

Hand, Foot and Spinal Surgery

Physical Therapy

Prosthetics

Joint Replacements

Joint replacement (hips, knees, shoulders) is one of the most common types of orthopedic surgeries administered in hospital around the world. Patients often determine whether or not they need to talk with a doctor when their affected joint hurts for one or more days during a week or if the pain is consistent or interferes with sleep. Orthopedic surgeons recommend that it is time to consider joint replacement when pain makes it increasingly difficult to perform and enjoy everyday activities or if pain medications are no longer effective.

What is Orthopedic Surgery?

Reconstructive Surgery – According to many research groups, reconstructive joint implants is the field of orthopedics that is most popular. Large joint replacements such as knee replacements, hip replacement and implants for smaller joints such as the elbows, ankles, wrists and fingers are also increasingly getting popular.

Arthroscopic Surgery – Because several diseases and injuries can damage bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons and muscles, orthopedic surgeons may use arthroscopic surgery. Some common occurring conditions would include inflammation, acute or chronic injury, rotator cuff tears and dislocations, knee damage and carpal tunnel syndrome.

Arthroscopic surgery is a procedure that orthopedic surgeons use to visualize, diagnose and treat ongoing issues within a joint itself. There are six joints most frequently examined using this type of arthroscopic procedure: ankle, elbow, hip, knee, shoulder and wrist. By making a small incision into the skin and inserting a pencil-size instrument inside the joint, the surgeon is able to see the image on the screen, thus making a final diagnosis and in some cases repair. In the end, this is a much more accurate process, allowing for a less invasion surgery and or treatment.

Orthopedic surgeons can use both surgical and nonsurgical methods to treat their patients with the following conditions: sports injuries, infections, tumors, degenerative diseases (neurodegenerative disease affecting tissues or organs such as cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease), congenital disorders (a condition that occurs before birth or within the first months of life such as down syndrome) and musculoskeletal trauma. It is the job of the orthopedic doctor to get their patients up and moving again, enjoying pain-free activity and a higher quality of life.

So, What is Orthopedics? and What is Orthopedic Surgery? It is a very specialized area of medicine and is better defined by a certified Physician that has a defined specialty in the area of your concern